Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc. (Nasdaq:KPTI), a clinical-stage pharmaceutical company, today reported positive top-line results from the Phase 2b SADAL (Selinexor Against Diffuse Aggressive Lymphoma) study evaluating selinexor, the Company’s first-in-class, oral Selective Inhibitor of Nuclear Export (SINE) compound, in patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) after at least two prior multi-agent therapies and who are ineligible for transplantation, including high dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue. The data were highlighted in a poster presentation at the American Society of Hematology (ASH) 2018 Annual Meeting in San Diego. For the SADAL study’s primary endpoint, single-agent selinexor achieved a 29.6% overall response rate (ORR), which included a 9.6% complete response (CR) rate in patients with heavily pretreated relapsed or refractory DLBCL. Key secondary endpoints included a median duration of response (DOR, in the responding patients) of 9.2 months and median overall survival (OS, across the entire study) of 9.1 months.
Selinexor recently received Fast Track designation from the FDA for the patient population evaluated in the SADAL study. Karyopharm plans to submit a New Drug Application (NDA) to the FDA during the first half of 2019, with a request for accelerated approval for oral single-agent selinexor as a new treatment for patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL.
Top-Line Phase 2b SADAL Results
Based on the modified intention-to-treat analysis from the first 115 of 127 patients (median of 2 prior treatment regimens with a range 1-6), as adjudicated by an independent central radiological committee, 34 patients responded (11 patients with a CR and 23 patients with a PR) for an ORR of 29.6%. An additional 8 patients experienced stable disease (SD) for a disease control rate of 36.5%. The median DOR across responding patients was 9.2 months and responses tended to occur rapidly. Patients with a CR had a median DOR of 23.0 months and patients with a PR had a median DOR of 7.8 months. As of the data cutoff date of November 15, 2018, 7 patients who achieved a CR remained on treatment. In addition, 12 patients remain on treatment, but as of November 15th, had not reached their first response assessment and are not included in the top-line efficacy analyses.
Among the patients evaluated for safety as of the data cutoff date, the most common treatment-related adverse events (AEs) were gastrointestinal and constitutional symptoms, along with cytopenias; most manageable with dose modifications and/or supportive care. The most common non-hematologic AEs were nausea (50.0%), fatigue (35.9%), and anorexia (32.0%) and mostly Grade 1 and 2 events. As expected, the most common Grade 3 and 4 AEs were thrombocytopenia (35.2%), neutropenia (20.3%), and anemia (10.9%) and were generally not associated with clinical sequelae. No significant major organ toxicities were observed, and bleeding and infection rates were low.
The median OS was 9.1 months for all patients in the study. As of the data cutoff date, median survival for the patients with a CR or PR was 29.7 months. The median survival for patients with best response of progressive disease or who were not evaluable for response was 3.2 months.
Selinexor showed robust, single-agent activity in patients with either GCB or non-GCB subtypes of DLBCL: of the 53 patients with the GCB-subtype, 18 responded (5 patients with a CR and 13 patients with a PR) for an ORR of 34.0%. Of the 57 patients with the non-GCB subtype, 12 responded (6 patients with a CR and 6 patients with a PR) for an ORR of 21.1%. In addition, there were 5 patients enrolled whose subtype was unclassified and 4 of these patients achieved a PR.
“The SADAL data presented at ASH this year demonstrate that oral selinexor, when administered as a single-agent, is clinically active and capable of producing durable responses associated with prolonged overall survival,” said Marie Maerevoet, MD, Institute Jules Bordet, “The 60mg twice weekly oral dose continues to be well tolerated with a low incidence of Grade 3 or greater adverse events, which were often manageable with dose modifications and supportive care. We are highly encouraged by the results of this single agent study in patients with heavily pretreated DLBCL who have limited available treatment options.”
Sharon Shacham, PhD, MBA, President and Chief Scientific Officer of Karyopharm, said, “In addition to the compelling efficacy and safety data observed with single agent oral selinexor, we were especially pleased to see strong response rates in patients with both the GCB and non-GCB subtypes. This is especially important because the prognosis in patients with refractory disease and the GCB-subtype is particularly poor. We believe that if selinexor is ultimately approved for use in patients with DLBCL, it will provide a meaningful therapeutic option for patients battling refractory disease regardless of DLBCL subtype. We look forward to submitting these data to the FDA during the first half of 2019 as part of a New Drug Application, with a request for accelerated approval.”